For more information about Panzergrenadier, please visit our entrance site as below.
of the 4., and 5. Panzer-Divisions. The
creation of more Panzer-Divisionen was halted during 1936 to 1937. Instead
of creating Panzer-Division, the OKH intended to create a light motorized
unit in the fall of 1937. During this period a total of four leichte Divisions
was created. The creation of the 4. Panzer-Division was first saw in the
Heeres expansion program dated on 8 Mar 1938, but it was not formed until
10 Nov 1938. This division (Table 4, 4. Panzer-Division
in 1939 as an example) was consisted of one Panzer-Brigade with two Panzer-Regiments,
only ONE Schützen-Regiment but without
Kradschützen-Bataillon. This made the ratio between panzer and schützen
to be 4 : 2 in the battalion level, much weaker in the schützen power.
Originally the order for creating the fifth leichte Division was issüd
on 22 Oct 1938, but later this order was changed to create a fifth Panzer-Division.
The original 5. leichte Division was reoganized and renamed as the 5.
Panzer-Division on 10 Nov 1938. The original organization of this division
was the same as the 4. Panzer-Division, but later an additional Schützen-Regiment
was added. Therefore a well balance between panzer and schützen was reached
in the ratio of 4:4 at the battalion level, but this didn't last long.
Panzer-Division in 1938
Table 4. Major combat
components of 4. Panzer-Division in 1938 (Back line service is not
of Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 12, 13, and 14 in 1938. 1st April 1938, Meiningen, the Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 12 was created from
Infanterie-Regiment Kaiser Franz Josef I Nr. 1, Kraftfahrjäger-Bataillon Nr. 1 and
österreichischen Infanterie-Regiment "Eisenstadt". The Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 12 was assigned to 4. Panzer-Division. 15th November 1938,
(mot.) 13 was created from 1st battalion of Infanterie 54 and part of Infanterie-Regiment 7. 15th November 1938, Oppeln, Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 14 were created from 3rd battalion of Infanterie-Regiment 89 and 3rd battalion of Infanterie-Regiment 65. Both Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 13 and 14 were assigned to 5. Panzer-Division.
Organization of Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 12, 13, and 14 in 1938. The organization and equipment for the three regiments
(Table 5, Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 12 as an example) were identical.
The regiment HQ had one motorized signal platoon and one motocycle rifle
platoon. The regiment had two battalions, each contained four companies.
The battlion HQ had one motorized engineer platoon. There were three motorized
rifle companies, NO motorized heavy machine
gun company and one motorized heavy company in each battalion.
(mot.) 12 in 1938
Table 5. Basic organization
of Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 12 in 1938. The battalion and company levels
show the traditional German tactical symbols.
of Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 12 in 1938 was quite different from that
of Schützen- Regiment (mot.) 1 in 1935 (Table 2). There were NO motorcycle rifle company
and motorized machine gun company in the battalion. The heavy machine
guns and light mortars were distributed within each motorized rifle company.
The motorized heavy company had two motorized light infantry gun sections,
one motorized anti-tank gun platoon and one motorized heavy mortar platoon.
The firepower of these Schützen-Regiments (Table
6, Schützen- Regiment (mot.) 12 as an example) in 1939 was more powerful
than that of Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 1 in 1935 (Table 3).
of Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 12 in 1938
5 cm/8 cm Mortar
3.7 cm Pak
7.5 cm light
Table 6. Firepower
distribution in Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 12 in 1938, MG: machine gun,
IG: infantry gun.
of Composition in Schützen-Regiment (mot.) in 1938. There
were six motorized rifle regiments in five panzer divisions.
|Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 1
|Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 2
|Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 3
|Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 12
|Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 13
|Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 14
There were total
54 motorized rifle-related companies in six motorized rifle regiments
and the composition included 26 motorized rifle companies (48%), 12 motorized
heavy companies (22%), 10 motorcycle rifle companies (19%), and 6 motorized
MG companies (11%).