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of the 1., 2., and 3. Panzer-Divisions. The
first three Panzer-Divisions were founded on 15th Oct 1935. These divisions
were mainly converted from previously established motorized formations.
The 1. Panzer-Division was converted from 3. Kavallerie-Division (mot.)
and Kraftfahr-Lehrkommando II. The 2. Panzer-Division was formed by Infanterie-Regiment
(mot.) "Meiningen", Kraftfahr-Lehrkommando Ohrdruf and Reiter-Regiment
"Dresden". The 3. Panzer-Division was originated from 1. Kavallerie-Division,
Kraftfahr-Lehrstab, Kraftfahr-Lehrkommando "Zossen" and Infanterie-Regiment
(mot.) "Meiningen". These divisions kept the same organization
as their experimental one (Table 1, 1. Panzer-Division
in 1935 as an example).
Panzer-Division in 1935
Table 1. Major combat
components of the 1. Panzer-Division in 1935 (Back line service is not
Creation of the Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 1, 2, and 3 in 1935. The first three Schützen-Regimenter were founded on 15th October 1935. The Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 1 was converted from Reiter-Regiment 11 in Wiemar. The Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 2 was converted from Schützen-Regiment "Meiningen" (mot.) in Wien. The Schützen-Regiment 3 was established in Eberswalde with Schützen-Regiment "Meiningen" (mot.).
of the Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 1, 2, and 3 in 1935. The motorized
rifle regiment was the major strike force of the brigade. The regiment
was designed to keep up with Panzer-Regiment in the field for further
expansion. The regiment had one headquarters and two identical motorized
rifle battalions. The battalion had one headquarters and five companies.
Two of them were motorized rifle companies, one of them was motorcycle
rifle company, one of them was motorized machine gun company and the last
was heavy company. The organization of the motorized rifle regiment shows
in Table 2.
(mot.) 1 in 1935
Table 2. Basic organization
of Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 1 in 1935. The battalion and company levels
show the traditional German tactical symbols.
one motorized signal platoon and one armor scout car platoon in regiment
and battalion headquarters (NOT shown in Table 2). According
to German policy of decentralizing armament and equipment, most supportive
weapons were distributed within infantry units. So as we can see the battalion
had its own motorized machine gun company and motorized heavy company
as its fire support unit. In later year the regiment also obtained its
own artillery support. This tendency certainly strengthened the infantry
units enormously and made them get more tactical advantage over their
rivals in the battlefield. The
firepower of a Schützen- Regiment (mot.) 1 in 1935 was shown in Table
of Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 1 in 1935
Table 3. Firepower
distribution in Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 1 in 1935, MG: machine gun.
of Composition in Schützen-Regiment (mot.) in 1935. There
were three motorized rifle regiments in three panzer divisions.
|Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 1
|Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 2
|Schützen-Regiment (mot.) 3
There were total
30 motorized rifle-related companies in three motorized rifle regiments
and the composition included 12 motorized rifle companies (40%), 6 motorcycle
rifle companies (20%), 6 motorized MG companies (20%) and 6 motorized
heavy companies (20%).